SCENERY EXPLAINED GEO-TOURS

SCENERY EXPLAINED GEO-TOURS

Understanding geology is a form of time travel, know how to read the rocks and you can understand what happened in the past. These landscape and geology tours are led by geoscientist James Cresswell, but they are as technical as you want them to be. Whether you are looking for a basic gist of the reasons why the landscape looks like it does, or you want an in depth deep understanding of the earth processes at work,then these are the tours for you.

TOUR DATES

2015 Dates: June 27th – August 25th

Saturdays, Sundays, Mondays and Tuesdays only

Start point: Your accommodation in the Brecon Beacons N.P. area, or Abergavenny train station, or Brecon bus interchange or Hay-on-Wye bus stop

PRICES

£35 per person (Group size 4-7)

Minimum spend £140

TOURS IN THE FFOREST FAWR GEOPARK

(WESTERN BRECON BEACONS NATIONAL PARK)

FFOREST FAWR GEOPARK EXPLAINED…

Bwa Maen fold, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Bwa Maen fold

Carreg Cennen Castle, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Carreg Cennen Castle

Henrhyd waterfall, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Henrhyd waterfall

 Mountain Centre – for the glaciated peaks of the Brecon Beacons

Maen Lia – a standing stone that is an upturned glacial erratic

Porth Ogrof – the largest cave opening in Wales

Dinas Rock – a large out crop of limestone

Bwa Maen Fold – an impressive fold

The Farewell Rock – Below this there is no more coal it also contains fossil trees.

Henrhyd waterfall – This the highest waterfall in South Wales. It flows over the Farewell Rock and was used in the Batman films.

Carreg Cennen Castle – This impressive ruin sits on an inlier of limestone that has been produced by faulting.

Sawdde Gorge – This gorge cuts through Silurain and Ordovician rocks and has in the past yielded imporat fossils.

Llandovery – For geologists this name is famous the world over because it is the name of an epoch in the SIlurian period and was named after this geopark town.

WANT TO KNOW MORE?

Fforest Fawr.pdf Fforest Fawr.pdf
Size : 616.06 Kb 
Type : pdf

WHAT IS THE FFOREST FAWR GEOPARK?

The Fforest Fawr Geopark was established in 2005 and was Wales’ first Geopark. It occupies the western two thirds of the Brecon Beacons National Park and was established due to its special geology and human stories.

Read more: fforestfawrgeopark.org.uk

The European Network of Geoparks website.

The Global Network of Geoparks website.

LLANDOVERY AND THE GOLDEN SPIKES

To read a scientific paper about these stratotypes please click here

The town of Llandovery lends its name to the  Llandovery Epoch of the Silurian Period. This is a globally used term describe the time period from 443.4 million to 433.4 million years ago.

On this tour we complete a Llandovery Town walk where we examine the different building stones.

The second part of the tour is more obscure!! We seek out 2 otherwise unremarkable outcrops of rock that form the Global Stratotype Section Points that define the Telychianand Aeronian Stages.

These stages are globally used subdivisions of the Llandovery epoch. The Telychian Age lasted from 438.5 million to 433.4 million years ago, and is named after Pen-lan-Telych Farm near Llandovery. This outcrop is in a disused quarry near the road side.

The Aeronian Age lasted from 440.8 million to 438.5 million years ago, and is named after Cemcoed-Aeron Farm near Llandovery. This outcrop is remote on a forestry track that may have to be walked to.

BRYNAMAN, GARNANT AND HENLLYS VALE

This is a walking tour based on 3 of the Fforest Fawr Geopark’s published Geotrails. The location of this tour is about 1 hour away from Tara B&B.

1. Henllys Vale 2 miles (3.5km) Learn about the coal measures and industrial heritage.

2. Rocky Ravines 2.5 miles (4km) Learn how the village of Brynaman owes its very existence to the geology on which it sits.

3. From Cwm to Cwm 5 miles (8km) We explore the geology of Cwm Pedol and Cwm Berach on the slopes of Drysgol near the village of Garnant.

OTHER TOURS WE OFFER IN THE FFOREST FAWR GEOPARK

The Best of the Beacons West

The Heritage of the Fforest Fawr Geopark

TOURS IN THE EAST OF THE  BRECON BEACONS NATIONAL PARK

THE BLACK MOUNTAINS EXPLAINED…

Coomin Bychan, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

The Black Mountains behind Felindre

Pwll y Wrach, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Pwll y Wrach waterfall

This tour takes place very near to our base Tara B&B and explains the Old Red Sandstone that makes up the Black Mountains and the glacial processes that have carved out the present landscape.

Commin Bychan – For glacial features, and an overview of Old Red Sandstone strata.

Pwll y Wrach Nature Reserve –  Where important fish fossil have been found and learn about fossil soil horizons.

Cockitt Hill – We have a short climb to find fossilised worm burrows and an explanation of the formation of nearbyLlangorse Lake.

Bwlch – We visit an old quarry and observe fossilised river channels.

Llangorse Lake, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Llangorse Lake was formed in the last Ice Age

IRON STONES, COAL AND A WORLD HERITAGE SITE

Baenavon Ironworks, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

The Blaenavon Ironworks

Big Pit, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

The Big Pit

Llangyndir Mountain – we admire the glaciated features of the Black Mountains and learn about dolines, which are a type of sink hole.

Clydach Gorge  – here we do a 2 miles (3km) walk observing iron stones and coal deposits as well as a beautiful waterfall that flow over the Farewell Rock.

Big Pit – this is part of the Blaenavon World Heritage Site. Here we go on an underground tour led by former miners.

Blaenavon Ironworks – also part of the World Heritage Site. Here we learn the iron making processes of Blaenavon revolutionised the world, and additionally learn that the great great grandfather of your very own guide James Cresswell used to be the General Manager here.

This tour is also listed in our Heritage Tour section because it is equally geological and a heritage tour.

TOURS OUTSIDE THE BRECON BEACONS NATIONAL PARK BOUNDARY

DINOSAUR FOOTPRINTS AND MORE – GLAMORGAN HERITAGE COAST

Lavernock Point, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Lavernock Point for ammonites

Dinosaur footprints, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Dinosaur footprints

This is a trip down to the South Wales coast about 1.5 hours from the Brecon Becons National Park.

Lavernock Point – which is the most southerly location in Wales. Here the Triassic and Jurassic boundary can be seen as well as ammonites in the wave-cut platform.

Dinosaur footprints – then we visit a location near to Sully where the best preserved Triassic dinosaur trackway in Europe can be seen.

Barry Island -we then head to Barry island and observe fossil corals in Carboniferous limestone and a site where Triassic rock over lie the Carboniferous rocks.

The order of locations visited on this tour will depend on tide times.

THE ELAN VALLEY AND THE MID WALES ORE FIELD

Elan Valley, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

Pen-y-garreg dam in the Elan Valley

Cwmystwyth Scenery Explained Wales day tours

The mine-scape of Cwmystwyth

This tour takes us a short distance north of Tara B&B (about 45 minutes) to the beautiful scenery of Mid Wales.

Elan Valley – here we see fossilised remains of great submarine landslides called turbidites. We also admire the glaciated scenery and learn the story of the Victorian dams built to provide Birmingham with water.

Cwmystwyth – here we visit the remains of Mid Wales’ largest former metal mine. In the spoil heaps it is possible to find your own beautiful specimens of galena and chalcopyrite.

Devil’s Bridge – here we walk down to see breathtaking waterfalls that cut through the Llandovery aged rocks.

Llywernog Silver Lead Mine – here we go on an underground tour and learn how hard the life was for these metal miners.

WOOLHOPE DOME – HEREFORDSHIRE

Woolhope Dome, Scenery Explained Wales day tours

This tour occurs 45 minutes east of Tara B&B in Herefordshire. This fascinating geological structure cuts off Woolhope making it one of the most tranquil areas of Herefordshire.

The first stop is  Swardon Quarry on the western outer side of the dome. Here some fossils can be seen and there are views over Hereford towards the Black Mountains. AtPark Coppice  a view of the two parallel ridges that form the eastern edge of the dome can be seen.

At Marcle Ridge Quarry we have a closer look at the Aymestry Limestone that forms the outer ridge of the dome and then walk 1.5 miles to Woolhope village  finding a few fossils on the way. After our visit to the village we climb back up the inner ridge, about 1 mile, to a site with fossils and an old lime kiln. Here we eat our picnic lunch. We then find oursleves in the gap between the two ridges. We climb to top of the outside ridge and walk back to the vehicle with wonderful views of the Malvern Hills and distant Cotswolds. We then visit Wonder landslip and Woolhope Cockshootwhere faults can be seen. The day ends with a visit to Rudge End Quarry which is in the Woolhope Limestone that forms the centre of the dome. This site is also a SSSI for Botany.

INCLUDED IN THESE TOURS

Guiding and interpretation from Mountain Leader and MSc. geo-scientist.

A luxury homemade picnic lunch from Beeton For Time catering.

NOT INCLUDED IN THESE TOURS

*Transportation

*Due to insurance regulations transportation cannot be part of these tours. However I am insured to give you a lift from site to site in exchange for the standard mileage costs, this will be just a few pounds each. My vehicle can take up to 4 passengers alternatively I am happy to travel with you in your vehicle.
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s